To counter China’s growing influence in the region of Pacific, Trump’s administration has designed a policy called US Free and Open Indo Pacific (FOIP) Strategy. Albeit they negate the containing side of the strategy but a thorough analysis of the strategy shows otherwise.
Empowerment of India in the region, being part of US
FOIP Strategy, will have many negative impacts for the region. The region of
South Asia has its own uniqueness in world politics because the region not only
holds three atomic power states that are situated next one another but they
also have disputes over their mutual borders. India, the most hostile atomic
state in the region, which now USA under its policy of FOIP is backing, has
border disputes with the other two atomic states of the region, China and
Pakistan. Trump’s administration wants to empower India, a democratic state, to
balance the level of power in the region which at the movement has more tilt
towards China which is a communist republic.
USA either intentionally or unintentionally is
ignoring the fact that her move will badly affect the delicate level of power
in the region which may have negative effects for the region in long term. During cold war era though both USA and USSR
were hundreds of miles away from each other but even then the possibility of
nuclear between the two states was very high then how can USA ignore the fact
that not only India has tense relations with both the states but also all the
three states lie in proximity to one another.
With US direct involvement in power game in the
region there are high chances that a race for more sophisticated nuclear and
conventional arms will begin in the region of South Asia. Similarly there are
high possibilities that both India and China in order to create buffer zones
may share nuclear technology with other states in the region. In this way all the
efforts of international community to prevent the spread of nuclear technology
South Asian region is home to approximately 1.8
billion people. Nuclear proliferation and high race for sophisticated arms in
the region will put the lives of such a large number of people in danger. This
is another implication of USA Free and Open Indo Pacific Strategy for the
region which she is ignoring at will.
With US move of backing India to counter China,
instability in the region will increase and we know that South Asia is that
part of the globe which cannot bear it at any cost. The region is already in
grip of militancy for the past eighteen years and in these circumstances such decision
of the US will devastate the situation further.