1 The book ‘The Art of War’ is written
2500 years ago
2 A necessary moral code for conducting the business of the state is called
3 ‘Power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely’ is the famous quotation of
4 In Federation, the federating units are united by
5 The main book which presents the Montesquieu philosophy is
The Spirit of Laws
6 Leviathan is written by
7 Al Farabi made ever lasting contribution to
8 Al Farabi translated the work of
9 Al Ghazali was appointed in Nizamia College as a professor of
10 Asbiyah was the term used by the
11 ‘The economics is the factor causing revolutions, movements or wars’ is the claim of
12 Jean Bodin presented the concept of sovereignty in the book of
13 Which view considered law and liberty as opposite of each other?
14 The term ‘Elite’ was first began to use in the
USA and USSR
15 The constitution is not written and rigid in
16 A voluntary union of sovereign and independent states is called
17 ‘Reconstruction of Religious Thoughts in Islam ‘ is written by
18 According to Aristotle, tyranny is the perverted form of
19 Despotism means
Rule of individual without law
20 Machiavelli was a
21 The regimes like Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Soviet Union under the Stalin are the examples of
22 The distinction between the parliamentary and presidential form of political system depends upon the relationship between
Legislature and Executive
23 Who said ‘Law is the Command of Sovereign’?
24 Aristotle does not use the relationship between _________________ as an analogy for the relationship between master and slave?
Statesman and citizen
25 Aristotle considers the relationship between _________________ analogous to the relationship between husband and wife.
Statesman and citizen
26 Aristotle does not criticize __________ in Book II.
Eratosthenes of Cyrene
27 Aristotle identifies a city with
28 Aristotle considers __________ a just government.
29 According to Aristotle ___________ is an unjust government.
30 In Aristotle view, ____________ is the end goal of a city.
Securing a life of good quality for its citizens
31 Aristotle thinks _________ as the best form of government.
32 The extreme form of oligarchy is
33 In a Politeia, consideration is given to
Wealth and the masses
34 Which element is not included in Aristotle’s three elements of government?
35 The main cause of the change of constitution is the existence of a
Powerful faction that oppose the present constitution
36 The amiable old father of Polemarchus is named
37 What is ‘Justice’ as submitted by Polemarchus?
Give good to friends and evil to enemies
38 Socrates enjoys but eliminates most of the verses of which poet?
39 Agamemnon chooses to be a ______ in the tale of afterlife.
40 Thrasymachus enters the dialogue demanding
41 Thrasymachus ‘justice’ is a form of
42 According to Socrates, which is not among the three basic necessities of life?
43 The three basic necessities of life according to Socrates are
Food, Shelter and Clothing
44 Which is not among the three basic ‘Classes’ of citizens as given by Socrates?
45 The three basic classes of citizens as given by Socrates are
Producers, Guardians and Auxiliaries
46 The two primary heading of education are
Gymnasium and music
47 Socrates divided narrations into
Narrative and Imitative
48 Socrates refers to his inquiry into poetry and music as a
49 Of which metal are the Auxiliaries allegorically composed?
50 Guardians must be composed of
51 The fundamental aim of the state is toward whose happiness?
52 There are how many principle virtues?
53 The ability to understanding things for themselves is the mark of best kind of
54 Machiavelli’s historical assessment of Italy’s past princes is
Mostly bad ruling combined with a little bad luck
55 A number of Italian princes of Machiavelli’s time lost their states because of
Their own military faults
56 Alexander VI by profession was
57 Machiavelli’s first name was
58 ‘The Prince’ was published in
59 ‘The Prince’ was written by
60 Machiavelli was an inhabitant of which city?
61 To whom Machiavelli dedicated ‘The Prince’?
Lorenzo de Medici
62States are of two sorts; Republics and
63 Which king ‘took Milan quickly and lost it just as quickly’?
King Louis XIV
64 ‘But it is the ___________ that makes troubles’
65 In Machiavelli’s time in France power was
Shared between the Prince and the Barons
66 Acquired wit is
Acquired through instructions
67 The wit that ‘is grounded on the right use of Speech; and produces the science’ is
68 The difference in men’s intellect arise from the difference in
69 The fundamental passion that defines a man’s ‘present means to obtain some future Good’ is
70 According to Thomas Hobbes, life in the State of Nature is
Nasty, Brutish and Short
71 According to Thomas Hobbes, the best natural right human have in the State of Nature is
The right of self-preservation
72 The most effective form of government according to Thomas Hobbes is
73 What group of thinkers is John Locke considered a member of?
74 In Metaphysics, John Locke is considered a
75 According to John Locke, our ideas can be divided into two categories, namely
Simple and Complex
76 According to Locke, some of the qualities existed and some do not. Which group of qualities does Locke maintain have real existence?
77 According to John Locke, spirits is
78 Concerning human understanding is primarily concerned with what branch of philosophy?
79 According to Locke, virtues are approved not because they are innate but because they are
80 Government in the hands of the few is called
81 Why does Rousseau believe that a civil or state religion is preferable to separation of church and state?
Because it creates a unity of beliefs among the body politic
82 How must religions that are tolerant of other religions be treated by society?
They must be accepted
83 The election of magistrates is not a law but simply a(n)
Activity of the body politic
84 Which body of laws attempts to make each citizens independent of all fellow citizens and at the same time dependent on the republic?
85 In a state where all men were equal in talent and character as well as in principles and fortune, what kind of elective system would be recommended?
Election by majority rule
86 Which writer was a major proponent of the theory of utilitarianism?
87 Mill objected to Jeremy theory of utilitarianism because it has an
Impoverished definition of happiness
88 Jeremy Bentham was born on
February 15, 1748
89 Jeremy Bentham died on
June 6, 1832
90 Mill argues that bigamy should be permitted because
It is a private relationship
91 Mill think that actions can be restricted
More often than opinions
92 Mill believes that behavior harms others whenever it
Betrays an obligation a person had
93 Mill believe that Christian morality is correct but
Not the complete truth
94 Mill believes that people learn best by
Debating with people of different opinions
95 Mill is writing to an audience that is mainly
97 What is the name for Marx’s theory of human history?
98 The name of Marx’s book that explains the working of the capitalist economy is
99 In the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx wrote that there is specter haunting Europe. What was this specter?
100 Montesquieu restrict forms of government up to