In 19th century the Muslim community of
Subcontinent produced a number of important reformers, scholars and leaders who
with their sincere services tried to help Muslims regain their lost dignity and
important status in the society. One such important scholar was Sir Syed Ahmed
Khan who delivered his services in the field of education for the uplift of
Muslims of United India.
Simla Deputation – Its Demands, Causes, Importance And Achievements
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was born on October 17, 1817 in
Delhi. He began his services in government as a cleric in 1839 but soon
qualified for the post of Munsif (Sub-Judge) in 1841 and was posted in Fatehpur
Sikri. In 1877, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was appointed as a member of Imperial
Council and in 1888, he was raised to Knighthood. In 1886, the University of
Edinburg conferred a degree of L.L.D on him.
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Books
During his lifetime Sir Syed Ahmed Khan wrote a
number of books. A list of his important books and journal is given below.
- Asar-us-Sanadid in 1847
- Ain-i-Akbari by Abu-al-Fazal
- History of Bijnaur in 1855
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Educational Services
For the educational uplift of Muslims, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan rendered a number of valuable services in the form of Aligarh Movement. A detail note about his educational services is available here.
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Political Services
Though Sir Syed Ahmad Khan had forbidden Muslims
from taking part in active politics but however he himself was working in this
filed too for the welfare of Muslims. After observing the prejudicial attitude
of English who were believing Muslims sole responsible for the 1857 war of
independence, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan wrote a magazine on the causes of revolt with
the name of Risala-i-Asbab-i-Baghawat-i-Hind in which he hold other communities
as equally responsible as Muslims. In the magazine he highlighted the following
reasons for the outbreak of war.
- Non-representation of Indians in the
- Forcible conversion of Indians into
- Mismanagement of British Indian army
- Other atrocities of the government
It was because of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan criticism in
this magazine, the British government formulated Indian Legislative Council Act
in 1861. To resolve British and Muslims relations Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
established Indian Patriotic Association and British Indian Association in
Speaking at the meeting of Indian Association, Sir
Syed Ahmed said
look to both Hindus and Muslims with the same eyes and considered them as my
However the ever increasing prejudicial attitude of Congress and Urdu-Hindi Controversy changed his opinion altogether and he gave his famous Two Nation Theory. He used Two Nations for Hindus and Muslims for the first time in 1868.
It was because of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan valuable
services that Muslims of India not only regain their lost status in society but
also became able to take active part in politics. The Aligarh Movement of Sir
Syed Ahmed Khan enabled Muslims to form a political platform and finally demanded
the establishment of Pakistan.