Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment are the two
major objectives of all feminist movements which can be achieved by undertaking
a number of steps. One such step is Gender Mainstreaming. The concept is
relatively new and came into being in 1995. Therefore it is necessary to first
understand what is gender mainstreaming before going into detail.
What is Gender Mainstreaming?
The concept of Gender Mainstreaming was first
proposed in 1985 at the Third World Conference on Women in Nairobi but it was
developed and properly adopted in 1995 at the Fourth World Conference on Women
The concept of gender mainstreaming mainly focused on making men’s and women’s experiences and choices an integral part of any policy making and its implementation process. The ultimate goal of gender mainstreaming is to achieve gender equality in society.
Status Of Women’s And Gender Studies In Pakistan
Gender Mainstreaming Strategy
To implement the policy of gender mainstreaming the
strategy should be that men’s and women’s concerns and experiences should be
made an integral part of the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation
of policies and programmes in all social, political and economic spheres so
that men and women benefit equally and inequality not perpetuated.
Gender Mainstreaming Tools
Gender mainstreaming is a lengthy process that can
be achieved over the course of many years. Below are some of the gender
mainstreaming tools that can be used to fast the process.
- Equal participation of both men and
women in society
- Equal opportunities of progress to both
men and women
- Equal inclusion of both men and women in
- Elimination of reserve seats and quota
system in public offices for women
- Merit base system
Steps Of Gender Mainstreaming
Some of the steps of gender mainstreaming are given
- One of the major steps of gender
mainstreaming is to let women operated particularly in those areas which are
- Similarly views and ideas of women co-workers
should be heard and considered while making a decision.
- While making a decision or implementing
a policy gender specific data collection and is analysis is a must to ensure
- Another step of gender mainstreaming is
to equally involve men and women in decision making
- And last but not the least, equal
opportunity of access and utilization of services to both men and women.
Importance Of Gender Mainstreaming
Women cover almost half of the sky on the basis of
world’s population. In such case their equal participation in society is not
only necessary but it will also help in the elimination of many problems that
we are facing today in modern world.
To understand the importance of gender mainstreaming read this article.
Gender Mainstreaming is a strategy and not an objective itself. It is a strategy for achieving the goal of gender equality. The followers of gender mainstreaming believes that most of the policies are gender neutral while the societal structure in reality is not neutral due to which neutral policies are reinforcing gender division. Therefore all the policies should be gender specific to ensure gender equality in society.