The article discusses “Political System of Islam CSS. Salient features of Islamic political system. The Political System of Islam CSS. Characteristics of Islamic political system. Politics in Islam. Islam and Politics. Islam and democracy.”
Political System Of Islam CSS
The most important and vibrant system ever devised by human beings for governing the individual and collective life of people is state and statesmanship. It is a system in which every member of society participates and creates a political system that has the power of legislation and implementation of rules. Islamic political system however differentiates itself from Western and other common systems of politics. Some of the basic characteristics of Islamic political system are given in below paragraphs.
Islam completely denounces any division between religion and statesmanship. It is a complete code of life and hence bear guidance for every aspect of human life. The Holy Quran Says
“O believers! Enter into Islam wholeheartedly and do not follow Satan’s footsteps. Surely he is your sworn enemy.” Surah Baqarah
Islamic state is an idealistic and philosophical state. Its foundation is based on principles above nationalism, colour, cast and language. It in its very essence follows Islamic ideology of life. The Holy Quran says
“The creation and the command belong to Him ˹alone˺.”Surah Al A’raf
Another important characteristic of Islamic state is democracy. An Islamic state is a true democratic state. The concept of democracy in fact for the first time in human history was given by Islam.
Islam believes in equity among people. It denounces all forms of distinction on the basis of colour, cast and language. The Holy Quran says
“People, We created you all from a single man and a single woman, and made you into races and tribes so that you should recognize one another. In God’s eyes, the most honoured of you are the ones most mindful of Him: God is all knowing, all aware.” Surah Al Hujurat -13
Shura is an integral institute of Islamic state. Caliph is bound to take decision after consultation with Shura. Identifying the characteristics of true Muslims, the Holy Quran says
“Who obey their Lord, attend to their prayers and conduct their affairs with mutual consultation.” Holy Quran (Ash Shura).
In an Islamic State the head of state has power to appoint the Qazi. But once he is appointed, he no more remains answerable to the head and even the ruler is liable to appear before him whenever required. To maintain the supremacy of law, all the pious Caliphs had appeared before the court whenever required.
An Islamic state is a well wisher state. Its job is not only to maintain peace and harmony in society but to guide people. The Holy Quran says
“[And they are] those who, if We give them authority in the land, establish prayer and give zakāh and enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong. And to Allah belongs the outcome of [all] matters.” Surah Al Haj
The political system of Islam is not based on the mere speculations, knowledge and theories of ordinary human beings. It is a system that is based on the divine injunction of Holy Quran and Sunnah.
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