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Moplah Uprising 1921
Some Arab tribes known as Moplah or Mapilla had settled on the Malabar shores. By faith they were Muslims and had always fought for the cause of Islam side by side other Muslims in Subcontinent. In 1921, they once again came forward and stood alongside other Muslims during Khilafat Movement.
Moplah Revolt – Moplah Uprising in Khilafat Movement
In 1921 Moplahs invited Government’s annoyance by actively taking part in the Khilafat Movement. The government arrested a few Moplahs, mostly their leaders who wanted to go to Kerala to organize Khilafat Movement. The arrest of the leaders inflamed the sentiments of the Moplahs who demanded the release of their leaders.
Moplah Movement Leaders
The prominent Moplah Movement leaders were Ali Musliyar, leader of the rebellion · Kunhi Kadir, Khilafat Secretary, Tanur · Variankunnath Kunhammad Haji · Kunhj Koya, Thangal, President of the Khilafat Committee.
Salient Features Of Moplah Uprising
Moplah Muslims were more energetic and vigorous. Their participation in Khilafat Movement gave new life to the cause.
Unlike other Muslims of Subcontinent, the Moplah Muslims struggle was not only limited to strikes and procession. They also began armed struggle which infuriated the government.
Moplah Muslims under their leadership were more organized and adhered to their cause. They were ready to take any step in this regard.
Soon after the arrest of their leaders Moplahs gathered and demanded their release. In order to disperse the angry mob, police opened direct fire on the mob killed nearly 400 persons. The incident created a large scale of unrest in the country.
The government suppressed the uprising by taking very strict actions. A large number of Moplahs were arrested and deported in a goods train on 10th November 1921. When the train reached its destination 64 person were found dead due to suffocation in the tight compartments of the goods train. The incident is called Wagon Tragedy.