The article discusses “Education system in Pakistan issues and problems. Education Pakistan. Pakistan education facts. Flaws in education system. Issues and challenges. Solutions.”
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Education System in Pakistan Issues And Problems
Education is the formal process of learning and knowing. It is not restricted to the schools only. Education starts from the mother’s lap. Parents and family inculcate good manners and make responsible citizens out of their children. Home is called first school of the children but the formal education starts from the school where they are taught how to behave and understand and what is going on around them.
Education System Of Pakistan
“The foundation of every state is the education of its youth” – Diogenes Laertius
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Despite passing more than seven decades and adopting more than twenty three policies, the education sector of Pakistan is still waiting for the arrival of a savior. The constitution of the country says “The state of Pakistan shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period.” In human development report 2019, Pakistan is ranked 152 out of 189 countries for having just 58 per cent educated populace (2018 census report). The primary enrollment rate in Pakistan, given by the Data Center of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for the year 2018, is 73 per cent in male and 61 per cent in female which shows that people in the fifth largest country of the world are unable to get the basic education.
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Education System Of Pakistan Issues And Problems
Education is considered as the cheapest defense of a nation. Unfortunately in Pakistan it could not bore any fruitful results over the past seven two years. This is due to a number of reasons some of which have been discussed in below paragraphs.
According to UNESCO report in Pakistan 44 per cent of children age 5-16 are not attending school. This means Pakistan has the world second highest number of Out Of School Children (OOSC). In Pakistan an estimated 22.8 million children of the aforementioned age are out of school.
In Pakistan the education system is based on unequal lines. Medium of education is different in both public and private sector. Similarly standard of education also varies in both sectors. This has created a sort of disparity among people, dividing them into two segments.
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Literacy rate in Pakistan varies from region to region in the country. This is due to poor governance, poor infrastructure, regional culture and traditions and regional security situation. For example schools in Balochistan are not that much groomed as that in Punjab. Similarly in Pukhtoon tribal areas the literacy rate is very low.
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Prioritization of boys’ education over girls’ is also a major problem of low literacy rate in Pakistan. Due to gender discrimination primary school ratio of boys and girls in Pakistan is about 10:4. This is a matter of serious concern for the government.
The lack of technical education is a biggest flaw in the education system of Pakistan that has never been focused before. The lack of technical graduate means the lack of lack of technical labor force which affects economy and development directly in today’s technical world.
The allocation of only a small percentage of annual budgets to education has made the education system of the country deplorable. In 2019 annual budget only 2.4 per cent of it was allocated for education. The share of education in annual budget should be at least 7 per cent.
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The teachers in government schools are not well trained. People who do not get job in other sectors, they try their luck in educational system. They are not professionally trained teachers so they are unable to train a nation.
Poverty is also a major hurdle that restricts parents to send their children to public or private schools. Due to poverty most parents preferred to send their children to Madrasaas where education is free.
Solutions For Educational System
- Some suggested solutions to issue and problems of Pakistan educational system are given below.
- Implementation instead of projecting policies should be focused on
- Allocation of funds should be made easy from provinces to districts and then to educational institutions
- Workshops for teachers training should be arranged
- Primary education should be promoted
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The educational system of Pakistan has many problems and challenges. Since independence government has never taken serious steps for its development. Now it is demand of the time that government should take concrete steps for the solution of the above mentioned problems.
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