The article discusses “Quranic guidance on good governance. CSS. PDF. Public administration and governance in Islam. Quranic verses on governance. Quranic guidance on good governance. Quranic guidance on good governance. Good governance in Islam.”
Quranic Guidance on Good Governance
The term governance means rule or control. It is the process of decision making and its implementation. Good governance is a way of measuring how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources in a preferred way. Islam is the pioneer of the concept of good governance. Islam for the first time in human history devised an efficient and effective system for the management of public affairs. Holy Quran through its verses either directly or indirectly has guided Muslims in the field good governance. Some of the guidance given by the Holy Quran to Muslims has been discussed in below paragraphs.
To keep an Islamic state clean of nepotism, red-tapism, misuse of power and other social and political evils, Quran places true sovereignty in Allah Almighty. The Holy Quran explicitly describes Allah as Al-Malik meaning sovereign, Malik-ul-Mulk – the eternal possessor of sovereignty and Al Muqtadir – possessor of all power. The Holy Quran says
“Indeed, it is Allah who is the (continual) Provider, the firm possessor of strength.” – (Adh Dhaariyat).
The Holy Quran also says
“The command is for none but Allah” – (Surah Yusuf).
In Islam, Allah alone is the Law Giver and believers could neither resort to totally independent legislation nor could they modify any law laid down by God.
The election of a competent and reliable head of state is the first step towards good governance. When a leader is dutiful, subordinates will automatically be punctual and diligent. Another important characteristic of a head of state is he must consider himself the well wisher of people and not their master. In an Islamic state the head of state is servitor. He acts as a vicegerent of Allah Almighty. The Holy Quran says
“Then We made you (their) successors in the land, so that We see how you would act.” – Surah Yunus 14
Consultation is one of the most important functions of a state in Islamic political system. The idea of a pure democracy is the hallmark of Shura in Islamic state structure. The term Shura is akin to parliament in modern political science. Aatir Rizvi in his book Muslim Law and Jurisprudence has defined Shura as “a body consisting of representatives of Muslim community, who assemble for consultation with each other, to reach on decision for running the government.” These representatives are supposed to be guided by the injunctions of Quran and Sunnah.
Mutual consultation is the central idea behind Shura, as the Holy Qura’n states
“Who obey their Lord, attend to their prayers and conduct their affairs with mutual consultation.” Holy Quran (Ash Shura)
Islam believes in equality among the people. The Holy Quran says “O mankind, We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into races and tribes, so that you may identify one another. Surely the noblest of you, in Allah’s sight, is the one who is most pious of you. Surely Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.” – Al Hujurat 13
In an Islamic state ruler is dual accountable. On the surface of the earth, he is answerable to the public while in after life, to Allah Almighty. The ruler is required to act meticulously in every aspect of the statesmanship because he will be asked for his every action on the Day of Judgement. Abdullah ibn Umar reported: Allah Messenger said “Every one of you is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock. The leader of people is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects. A man is the guardian of his family and he is responsible for them. A woman is the guardian of her husband’s home and his children and she is responsible for them. The servant of a man is a guardian of the property of his master and he is responsible for it. No doubt, every one of you is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock.” Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 7138, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 1829
Another important characteristic of good governance is on time, impartial justice. The Holy Quran says
“Surely Allah commands justice, doing good, and generosity towards relatives and He forbids what is shameful, blameworthy, and oppressive. He teaches you, so that you may take heed.” Surah An Nahl 90.
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